What Is Music ?

This is a good question.There are so many answers,as many as there are musicians.But my views are as follows.
Firstly it is one of the few subjects that can be seen as both and art and science.It is clearly both.
It is a system of harmonic frequencies,which in itself is very mathmatical and precise,a science.As in other sciences, we are limited to what we can see,light being only a very small part of the spectrum.So it is with music,or harmonic frequencies.What we hear through the air medium,is only a small part of the harmonic spectrum.For those that dont already know sound is a way of seeing and as with the eyes,processing of this information results in sight,or the third ear.
Harmonics are vibrations that resonate.They resonate not only with their own waveform but other waveforms,harmonic frequencies,thus interact or communicate in a way that shows a relationship,(the intervals between the notes give rise to the music).This is similar to the adding,division or multiplication of two numbers giving a new number.With scientific principal such as mathematics and numbers there is a different system.
In a way,this results in communications between dimensions or spaces.This is what music can do.
Nature delivers harmonic frequencies from very low to very high.In this we can see from the Schumann resonance of 7.83hz,the harmonics of the earth,to the very high frequencies of light and other electromagnetic wave forms.Clearly nature works with these harmonics and is system of communication between all planetary bodies,moons,suns,earth,planets).All waveforms communicate,are connected.
It is the mathematics of nature,the universe.
So we use a very limited part of the harmonic spectrum,our natural medium,which enables us to see in a differant way.A higher way.We call this music.
The entirety of harmonic waveforms,including light could be called music as well.

Musical Notation:
This has developed and changed over the years to what we have now,.The interpretation of the science of music into a form that can be written down is said to be an arbatory system by many.Most likely it was well understood in the past,but the logic and reasoning has been lost over time.The first interpretations into a noteable form that we know of came from the monastaries.Many cultures have never used a written notation,but have memorized and passed down trhe science.It is a science of harmonics,frequencies,waveformms that repeat and interact in a logical way.What we see are attempts to express the sciences of the ears to be read by the scientists of the eyes.Living within a very limited spectrum either way,as said,makes this a difficult task.Very much of these science,s are hidden from us.
An accurate notation could be developed,but as yet has not been .
For all intents and purposes it would be beyond human understanding.

The Voice:
The foremost and fundemental musical instrument of the human being,is a wonder,but it can directly deliver,communicate, to the ear from the source of the human being.It transcends the boundaries of the other senses but also includes them.It answers many of the questions as to what is music,but it can not be noteated.In this way it is a perfect art form as well as a perfect science.
You could go on to say more.
Sounds:
As a subsection to The Voice,the idea of Sounds really does maintain a place in music,
Much modern music includes sounds outside the established intruments.Sounds of all shapes and sizes and description including electronically generated sounds.The harmonics produced are consistant with music theory.Inclusion of natural sounds should be part of modern music.They are very much a part of the Ear and Eye of the human experience.

Conclusion:
Music is a truth,you will get only as much out of it as you put in.It is not a free lunch.If you put yourself into a piece of "proper" music,you will get yourself returned in the same measure.It is worth studying as a means of self realization,to a greater or lesser extent.

Critiscm of The Digital Music Revolution:
My objection to the modern digitalized music that is emerging is its seperation from the natural medium.Its seperation from nature in general including the human nature.Music is not a one way street.It is a relationship between the source,the listenner and the medium in between.A product of the enviroment,of time and space,as we ourselves are.
Therefore a seperation between music and our natural enviroment invalidates the music.
In terms of its harmonics it can communicate information of harmonic frequencies but not in harmony with the ears and the inner ear.
It is not valid in areas that it moves outside these rules of our human medium.

It could be said for the other sciences,they are not valid if they move outside the rules of the human experience./span>

Subculture Music Renaisance

The music revolution from the sixties was due to a merging of technology and music.Also drug use.The arts of music were mixed with electric stereo space/time.A knockout and shortcut.The stereo technology,electric and sound-engineered production,bypassed normal space time rules. The doors to Eternity and Infinity were opened for free.Breaking all the rules.
This period was an electric folk movement and was relavant to the times,as folk music always is.It has a limited shelf life and becomes known a few years later as "a classical music",which is what it now is.It was a renaisance period.
Its secret was in the mixing of technology and sound engineering with a little musical abillity.The artists and people of the day didnt refer to it as music,but as "sounds".
Sounding out the infinite and the eternal resonances and frequencies.
Very effective.
It had the effect of openning familiar doors,that perhaps shouldnt have been closed anyway,back to our original nature.
All music is medicinal in this respect.(To a greater or lesser degree).

It doesnt take much imagination to realize that the third ear is quickly opened by this above description,.You could guess how the doors are gradually opened to achieve this end.However the opening of the third eye is not automatically guessed to be a bi-product of opening the ear.It can actually do so.They are both organs of sight.Presuambly all the senses have the abillity to see.

The History Of Working For A Living

The advent of machines during the 19thCentury changed the way people earned a living.Cottage industries were replaced by mechanisation and people had to find other means of employment.Music was one of the last trades to suffer.After the war ,1945, it bacame apparant that it would be sufferring the same fate due to the intruduction of radio.Music has never been a very good trade for earning money,perhaps you could say similar to other tradesmen,My father was a well respected orchestral conductor on the London circuit after the war and used to bring home only about sixteen pounds ten shillings per week.The phenomena of multimillionaire pop music artists was true only for a short while during the 60,s untlil about the 90s.Music is mass produced and mechanised.It is no longer possible to make a living as a musicians.At school you should learn other skills to pay the rent and bills.
Artist in general now cannot afford to work.
This has been happenning increasingly with all jobs in the computer industry,doubling of speeds and perfomance every year.

Analogue v,s Digital. The Alpha Brain Wave.

I have not as yet discovered if it is a valid arguement to say that digital format is inferior to analogue in music production and delivery.The main arguement is that the digital information is in bits and therefore leaves empty bits(a space) between each bit,It is not continuous and therefore creates a disconection in the flow of the work.
But I dont see how this explians the speakers delivery of the freqeuencies concerned because the digital information delivers the message of a certain frequency to the speakers which then mecahnically delivers that harmonic via air waves.It is harmonic frequencies that are being delivered, not digital frequencies.So the information in terms of frequency that you recieve is correct,is the same.? ?

The following may provoke thought about the digital v anologue.The Schumann Frequency,(basic resonace of the earth),has its harmonic frequency at 7.83HZ,(Audible sound starts at about 20Hz?The Alpha brainwaves or Theta ?),are at this same frequency.
When The middle C scale C4 is based on A at 432Hz it it is 256Hz.Theirfore Middle C is an ocatve of teh Alpha brain wave and also the earths natural frequency.
Therefore when a performer delivers a performance he is obviously communicating with this Alpha brain wave.Listeners are also respondong back with this alpha brain wave.Thes the connection is not only an audible connectiion but a "telepathic" one.
It would make sense perhaps for digital music production inclusde the lower octaves down to this 7.83 Hz in their products.It would probably compensate.Whether it would compe3nsate for muisc prodoction techniques, I am not sure.
Th etelephathic link cannot really be denied, but iwt will be disputed.It could be that this this what people are missing when they listen to digital sounds rather than anologue.

The Alpha Brain Wave is an octave of middle C,(256 Hz),This is why the pop music industry has been so successful.(Collective conciousness).

The Alpha Brain wave and Schumann earth natural frequency is a feel good factor.This natural earth Schumann resonant frequency of 7.83 Hz, was shown,when removed from subjects in controlled conditions,to result is severe mental ill health issues.City life and high rise buildings block out this earth connection. Control experiments showed that when subjects were re-introduced to this 7.83 Hz frequency artificially, they recovered back to good mental health.So we can therefore see what is going on in detention centres and mental health units, they are going mad because of the removal from a natural enviroment.Cities also.
This is a frequency occurring in nature and alpha waves are shared between people as well as closeness to them earth.Removal from these enviromants will cause mental ill health.
Music is very helpful ,but needs with it,its human connection.

Virtual Studio Technolgy & DAW.

VST instrumenst and Digital Audio Workstations,(DAW),are the modern artist creation tool,production,delivery tool and audience.
This is the score for music,it is virtual setup.Technology is the system, as such is only delivering when the work is processed through virtual enviroment.As such it is not for every body because the transfer of information(music), has to be understood alongside the Virtual reality.The information has to be seperated from the information of the system it is reaching you by, for a clear passage through the medium from person to person.Also it goes through a technology that demands "self" from the artist,the machine and the listener.The information path is disconnected.Therefore the artist is performing to himself and the listenner is listing to himself,if there is to be any meaning at all.Universal information maybe,other wise machine.With music this is not OK,because the chain is not of the same logic as numbers.Music is defined by a combination of factors not just the artist.It is a composer/artist,delivery medium and audience.It is also targetted specifically to deliver its meaning,or universally sometimes.But a message is not often suited for everybody.It also has to fulfil the criteria of work or a job.There are other criteria that the machine delivery does not fulfil.It is not really music therefore that is being delivered.Maybe it could be seen as playing with electronic toys.

To be fair,it could be said to offer a new art form and it could be redifined.It could be said to be a tool with a new meaning.Foe what use,?
I dont know as yet.
maybe to continue the tradition of brainwashing.

Harmonic Frequencies

Music consists of harmonic frequencies.Seven  frequencies that are "in tune"  you will find if you vibrate a wire or length of string .These are the seven notes of a scale and they reappear in  as higher octaves as you increase the trension in this wire.This has the affect of doubling, trebling etc  the rate of vibration and thus the wavelenth of the wave running along that wire.i.e  always seven tuneful harmonic resonances result.These will be the same seven notes but of a differnet octave. Nature gives us seven notes.A scale.
In the music world that we are aware of they use about 5/6 different ocatves as you go from the very low notes of the Bass clef to the very high notes of the Treble clef.Our human earcan hear resonat frequencies of abou 20 Hz  To about 17000 Hz,therefore there is a linmite to how many octaves we can  hear.

The main point of this entry is on the tuning of your instrument.Normally you choose a  particular note on the instrument and tune the rest from the note.Traditionally in orchestras they used the A note at 440 Hz..I always accepted this as correct and this is the resonance (440) of the old tuning fork that my father left me.he was a  bandmaster and orchestra conductor.He used this to tune his violin, so I never questioned it.In tuis case he would tune the 2nd string of the violin to this A. I would tune my guitar likewise to the A of 440.
I occassional heard that this 440 tuning differed and this 440 standard was not everybodys choice>.Again at other times I picked this same information up but took little notice.But recently I listenned to the arguement and found out that the correct tuning is 332.I was reluctant to go along with it, but got convinced eventually.
If you use this as the standard harmonic frequency for your A note and tune the rest in accordingly you will be perfectly and correctly tuned.Dont listen to any one who says otherwise,(which they will do).
As far as electronic tuners go, I would not go along with them if they differ from this standard of 432..So check it out and tune a bit lower if they give you the 440 standard.
       
                                https://youtu.be/7rMmBIKUCog?t=2


This link does more or less prove these are correct frequencies that are in nature.But music and music instruments may not mimic the nature exactly.The science of harmonic frequencies is someawhat difficult to arrange for intrumentation.Violins,pinaos and guitars are not made by nature they are made by man.A note doesnt exist on its own in our music it is only effective in conjunction with other notes.The effects produced by this relationship are not a definite rule book,they are left to be interpretated by the beholder to an certain extent.
The rules are not cast iron.
I wouldnot be able to come to a conclusion about the A(4th octave),432hz or 440hz tuning without further research.
But if you tune your instrument and then adjust to the position of one of the harmonics on the string, i.e find the harmonic of the note on the 12th fret of a guitar,(or 5th or 7th fret),This will be the answer for that particular instrument.
The manufacture determines the tuning to a certain extent by the distances on the fretboard when it is maunactured.

NOTE:
Whilst on the subject of the seven notes of a scale you will be probably asking what about the semitiones sharps and flats etc.
A good way to see this is by the layout of the piano keyboard where all the black notes represent a half note increment, a semitone.A flat or sharp can be played in addition to the seven white notes.A total of twekve keys are present in the chromatic scale by adding the 5 black key notes to the seven.
It is the variation of where these flats and sharpes are included with the white keys that determnines the name pf the scale you are selecting, major scale, minor scale etc.(playing only the white notes gives you the scale of C major).

To build a particular type of scale you follow the rules that the book suggests.i.e to build a major scale you include the rule:
tone , tone, semitone in the 3 spaces of the first 4 notes of the scale and the same for the next 4 notes of that scale.
(TTS TTS.).With a minor scale the rule is (TST TTS). However just to mke things awkward it can also be (TST SST) or (TST STT).The second option is the normal choice.
Varying this inclusion of semitones within the original seven(white notes) gives rise to many differnt types of scales,it gets complicated.Come back to it in the future,just stick to the major scale and minorscale rule for now.The more you work it out for yourself the more you will "see" with your ears.

But as said this is getting off the track, it is refring to the Book, which is not the idea, so work it for yourself, but come back to look at the book, when you have finished your finding out.
It will make sense .

Advice To The Artist Who Wishes To Deliver a Piece of Work

I will offer my advice here.
Firstly dont waste your time delivering a piece of work that someone else has already done.Why spend so much time and money on something available on the shelf for £10-£15.
Secondly remember where you stand.The composer through to the medium of delivery,(performer),to the customer or audience.You should be aware who you are targetting when you deliver some work.It could be everybody or it could be a certain selected group or audience.
Thirdly you should be aware of costs and returns,in that this is your job, as a means to support yourself, i.e.you have to cover your costs.Othertwise you will be unable to work.
Next create work that is today,by your own psychology and the customer world.This is the idea of folk tradition,but also maximizes the effect your music has and the ammount of people it will reach.
Effects boxes and rythym machines are the way of the world today,mainly because it is almost impossible to work offline,thus getting artists playing together is become too difficult.Also then customer will be asking for this.It is a practical solution that enables you to deliver.It may not be possible to do so without these shortcuts.
Art is a form of self realization and as such all art works and artist bare consdered equal, there is no Number One, so to speak, this should be rephrased as first amongst equals.

Another piece of advice is to get to know your instrument.You can do this by intuition, on a way that means you dont evn have to play or pick it.Have along reflection on it well before you pick it up and star playing it,as you would a person.

Last but not least you have to study and work the knowledge of your fingers and hands.They will deliver,if they are your friend,they will do whatever you wish them to do.Hand mind communication.Your hands are your mind.

As said Below I Recommend Learning By Ear

Having said this, I recommend that you approach muisc as a logical system of harmonic frequencies but at the same time as paying attention to your ears instead of your eyes you should be awre of the scientific or mathematical nature of this "science".You should be able pick up the science without being taught if you approach by ear.Of course at times make referance to the books on music.I mention also that you address it as simpley as possible, in its simplicity music is profound.

For instance pick out some nice harmonic sounding notes on a guitar that seem to fit together up or down the "scale", without checking or verifying the book to see if they are correct notes within a scale.Make your own scales up at first,according to whether they sound right to your ear.Find yoyur nnway about theinstrument in this way, without checking thebook answer to it correctness.If you explore your instrument, get to know what you can do with it by the notes you can access, you will learn far more than any book will teach you.Start making stuff up that you like so as to make learning fun.
Learn in this natural way.Whem it becomes necessary to check the book for specific technical answers, do so, but not before.eventually compare the way you have learned to the book info and accelerate your learning technically,but keeping in mind the original concept of the natural way.
You will notice that the mind works differntly with inputs from the eyes tha it deos with ear information input.It is a different sort of information.The memory banks in the brain are in differnt place and are accessed differently.Music is science of the ears(ear)not of the eyes (eye).It is not something that neccessarilly need to be written down.
You need to throw away whatever you have been previously taught, and start again, to think outside the box.
Also it is not something that only a talented few are capable.It is in the make up of all people it is in everyone.It have been misrepresented.

It is a logical system in a similar way to how numbers are rational.i.e nine numbers at the root of mathematics whereas the root of music is the seven notes of a scale.A logical system but of a different sort of logic.Hearing is a way of seeing.Music takes advantage of this and gives access to a canvas that you can paint different sort of pictures on.Say something in a different.You can create a picture of something real or something imaginary.Sometimes it is the only way to say something of to be "heard".

The Rudiments of Music

https://www.calameo.com/read/005861451bada940e8d10
The link above will take you to the contents of this book,"The Rudiments Of Music" if you should wish to read it online.




https://www.calameo.com/accounts/5861451
This publication is not available in digital format.It was origninally published/printed in 1939 and this original blue copy is a rare survivor.
Stewart Macpherson  worte this in 1903,He was also the Dean of Music at London University in his later years.He wrote many books on music.
Stewart MacPherson 1865-1941.